HAAA PEE FRI-Daaaay!
Now if that didn’t wake you up, nothing will!
As we bring another week to a close, I’ve come to educationamalise you with some useless useful information that you can impress your friends with. If you can come out with three of the things you are about to learn, I think you’ll definitely go up in their estimation and they’ll think you’re really Edumacationed. Perfick.
So … shall we crack on? Ready? Fasten your seat-belts, we’re going in!
On this Day in History
312 – Constantine the Great is said to have received his famous Vision of the Cross. Flavius Valerius Aurelius Constantinus, commonly known as Constantine I, Constantine the Great, or Saint Constantine was Roman Emperor from 306, and the undisputed holder of that office from 324 to his death. Best known for being the first Christian Roman Emperor, Constantine reversed the persecutions of his predecessor, Diocletian, and issued (with his co-emperor Licinius) the Edict of Milan in 313, which proclaimed religious toleration throughout the empire.
On the evening of October 27, with the armies preparing for battle, Constantine had a vision which lead him to fight under the protection of the Christian God. The details of that vision, however, differ between the sources reporting it. It is believed that the sign of the cross appeared and Constantine heard “In this sign, you shall conquer” in Greek.
Lactantius (an early Christian author) states that, in the night before the battle, Constantine was commanded in a dream to “delineate the heavenly sign on the shields of his soldiers”. He obeyed and marked the shields with a sign “denoting Christ”. Lactantius describes that sign as a “staurogram”, or a Latin cross with its upper end rounded in a P-like fashion.
1662 – Charles II of England sold the coastal town of Dunkirk to King Louis XIV of France.
1880 – Theodore Roosevelt married Alice Lee.
1904 – The first underground New York City Subway line opens; the system becomes the biggest in United States, and one of the biggest in world.
1936 – Mrs Wallis Simpson filed for divorce from her second husband Ernest, which would eventually allow her to marry King Edward VIII of the United Kingdom, thus forcing his abdication from the throne.
1938 – Du Pont announced a name for its new synthetic yarn: nylon.
1952 – The BBC screened part one of the 26 part series ‘Victory At Sea’, Britain’s first TV documentary.
1954 – Benjamin O. Davis Jr. becomes the first African-American general in the United States Air Force.
1958 – First transmission of the BBC children’s television programme Blue Peter.
1962 – Major Rudolph Anderson of the United States Air Force became the only direct human casualty of the Cuban Missile Crisis when his U-2 reconnaissance airplane was shot down in Cuba by a Soviet-supplied SA-2 Guideline surface-to-air missile.
1964 – Ronald Reagan delivers a speech on behalf of Republican candidate for president, Barry Goldwater. The speech launched his political career and came to be known as “A Time for Choosing”.
A Time for Choosing, also known as “The Speech,” was presented on a number of speaking occasions during the 1964 U.S. presidential election campaign by future-president Ronald Reagan on behalf of Republican candidate Barry Goldwater.
Many versions of the speech exist, as it was altered during many stops, but two are best known:
• 1964 Republican National Convention – San Francisco, California – Given as a nomination speech for Goldwater.
• As part of a pre-recorded television program titled “Rendezvous with Destiny”, broadcast on October 27, 1964.
Following the speech, Ronald Reagan was asked to run for governor of California. To this day, this speech is considered one of the most effective ever made on behalf of a candidate. Reagan was later called the “great communicator” in recognition of his effective communication skills.
1967 – Britain passed the Abortion Act, allowing abortions to be performed legally for medical reasons. The Abortion Act 1967 is an Act of the Parliament of the United Kingdom to regulate abortion by registered practitioners, and the free provision of such medical practices through the National Health Service (NHS).
It was introduced by David Steel as a Private Member’s Bill, but was backed by the government, and after a heated debate and a free vote passed on 27 October 1967, coming into effect on 27 April 1968.
The act made abortion legal in the UK up to 28 weeks gestation. In 1990, the law was amended by the Human Fertilisation and Embryology Act: abortion became legal only up to 24 weeks except in cases where it was necessary to save the life of the woman, there was evidence of extreme fetal abnormality, or there was a grave risk of physical or mental injury to the woman.
As of 2005, abortions after 24 weeks were extremely rare, fewer than 200 a year, accounting for 0.1% of all abortions. There are continual pushes to reduce this time limit greatly, but so far, no changes have been made.
The act does not extend to Northern Ireland. Abortion is illegal there unless the doctor acts “only to save the life of the mother”. The situation is the same as it was in England before the introduction of the Abortion Act. The Offences Against the Person Act 1861 and the Criminal Justice Act remain in full force.
1968 – In Great Britain, Police clashed with anti-war protesters as trouble flared in Grosvenor Square, London, after an estimated 6,000 marchers faced up to police outside the United States Embassy.
BBC News Report on the Day complete with Timeline of Events
1986 – The United Kingdom Government suddenly deregulates financial markets, leading to a total restructuring of the way in which they operate in the country, in an event now referred to as the Big Bang.
1992 – United States Navy radio man Allen R. Schindler, Jr. is brutally murdered by shipmates for being gay, precipitating first military, then national debate about gays in the military that resulted in the United States “Don’t ask, don’t tell” military policy.
1997 – The 1997 mini-crash: Stock markets around the world crash because of fears of a global economic meltdown. The Dow Jones Industrial Average plummets 554.26 points to 7,161.15. For the first time, the New York Stock Exchange activated their “circuit breakers” twice during the day eventually making the controversial move of closing the Exchange early.
Born on this Day
1782 – Niccolò Paganini, Italian violinist and composer (d. 1840)
1728 – Captain James Cook, English naval officer and one of the greatest navigators in history. His voyages in the Endeavour led to the European discovery of Australia, New Zealand and the Hawaiian Islands. Thanks to Cook’s understanding of diet, no member of the crew ever died of scurvy, the great killer on other voyages.
1811 – Isaac Singer, American inventor (d. 1875) made important improvements in the design of the sewing machine and was the founder of the Singer Sewing Machine Company.
1854 – Sir William Smith, Scottish founder of the Boys’ Brigade (d. 1914)
1858 – Theodore Roosevelt, 26th President of the United States, recipient of the Nobel Peace Prize (d. 1919)
1873 – Emily Post, American etiquette author (d. 1960)
1896 – Edith Brown, survivor of the Titanic (d. 1997)
1914 – Dylan Thomas, Welsh poet (d. 1953)
1939 – John Cleese, British actor and writer
1951 – K.K. Downing, English guitarist (Judas Priest)
1953 – Peter Firth, British actor
1957 – Glenn Hoddle, English footballer
1958 – Simon Le Bon, English singer (Duran Duran)
1978 – Vanessa-Mae, Singapore musician
1984 – Kelly Osbourne, English television personality and daughter of Ozzy and Sharon Osbourne.
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Thought for the Day
Attitude. The longer I live the more I realise the impact of attitude on life.
Attitude to me, is more important than facts. More important than the past, education, money, circumstances, failure, success, that what other people think, or say, or do.
It’s more important than appearance, giftedness or skill. It will make or break a hobby; a business; a friendship; a relationship; a love; a marriage; a Church; a home; a nation.
The remarkable thing is that we have a choice, every day, regarding the attitude we will embrace for that day. We cannot change the fact that people will act in a certain way and sometimes the way they act is inappropriate.
We cannot change the inevitable – nothing I can do will stop the hands of time from turning my hair grey; my body ageing; a wrinkle appearing on my face; getting older and developing the aches and pains that come with age … but just because I have a pain, doesn’t mean I have to BE a pain!
We cannot change the fact that bad things will happen to good people. A great deal of life happenings are beyond our control.
The one thing we can do though, is play on the one string we have … and that, is our attitude.
I’m convinced that life is 10% what happens to me, and 90% how I react to it. And so it is with you. We are each in charge of our own attitude.
What attitude are you going to choose today? And … when you’ve chosen it, remember – people will react to your attitude – so if they react badly, maybe it isn’t down to them, but down to you and your attitude.
Remember this, and if you find yourself continually getting what you don’t want . . . maybe you need to change your attitude towards people, and towards your life in general.
If you keep doing what you’re doing – you’ll keep getting what you’re getting.
No edumacation facility is worth its weight unless it gives it’s pupils something to play with, so …. here it comes:
Want to make a glass of water freeze instantly on command? What is this supernatural power and who can use it? Discover the secrets to Ice-bending … in real life. Watch the video in the following link. It will teach you all you want to know, and then you’ll REALLY be able to amaze friends and family, and they’ll all wonder how on earth you did it! (link will open in a new window for you): My Science Academy
I learnt this week that Potatoes have two more chromosomes than people, the same as gorillas! And … that Rice has almost twice as many genes as human beings! Not sure how this fit’s into the lives of people I know but there is a relative I would perhaps call a couch potato. But … now I’m wondering if I’m paying them a compliment! LOL.
Did you learn anything new this week? Do share … you can edumacate me then!
I hope you have a truly fabulous Friday, and a remarkable weekend.
Sending squidges ~