The Friday Post ~ History of Events on 23rd March

Good morning and happy Friday to you.  How’s your week been?  Good I hope, or at least, very little to complain about.

My week has been busy and wrapped up in tiredness.  I’m not doing anything which burns the candle at both ends, but cooo…  I seem to suddenly find a drop in energy levels between 3pm and 4pm, and I’ll either fall asleep in my chair and catch 40 winks, – or on one day I actually made my way wearily to my bed and slept soundly until 7pm.  I’m beginning to think I should be living somewhere in Spain or Mexico, where they have an afternoon siesta!

Anyhooooo….  This  ‘On this day in History’  of lesson is going to be the last ‘On this day in History’ lesson for a while.  All schools have holidays and breaks to allow pupils some freedom and fun, and this Friday Lesson is doing just that.  But for today,  you’ve come dressed in your school uniforms and ready for some edumacation, so let’s crack on with it, shall we?

23rd March 2018

On this Day in History

1540 – Waltham Abbey is surrendered to King Henry VIII of England; the last religious community to be closed during the Dissolution of the Monasteries.

1775 – American Revolutionary War: Patrick Henry delivers his speech – “Give me liberty, or give me death!” – at St. John’s Episcopal Church, Richmond, Virginia.

1839 – The first recorded use of “OK” (okay).  Okay, frequently spelled OK and occasionally okeh is a colloquial English word denoting approval, assent, or acknowledgment.

1840 – John W. Draper takes first successful photo of the Moon.  John William Draper (May 5, 1811, – January 4, 1882) was an (English-born) American scientist, philosopher, physician, chemist, historian, and photographer.  He was the first person to take an astrophotograph;  he took the first photo of the Moon which showed any lunar features in 1840.

1857 – Elisha Otis’s first elevator is installed at 488 Broadway New York City.  Elisha Graves Otis (August 3, 1811 – April 8, 1861) invented a safety device that prevented elevators from falling if the hoisting cable broke.  He worked on this device while living in Yonkers, New York in 1852, and had a finished product in 1854.

1889 – The free Woolwich Ferry officially opens in east London.  The Woolwich Free Ferry is a boat service across the River Thames, London, UK, which is licensed and financed by London River Services, the maritime arm of Transport for London.  The service is operated by Serco Group under licence from TfL and carries both foot passengers and vehicles.

The ferry carries more than one million vehicles and 2.5 million passengers each year. Occupants of vehicles (including drivers) are counted as passengers.  In depth website about the Woolwich Ferry

1888 – In England,  The Football League,  the world’s oldest professional association football league, meets for the first time.

1901 – Australian opera singer, Dame Nellie Melba, reveals the secret of her now famous toast. Melba toast is a very dry, crisp, thinly sliced toast often served with soups and salads or topped with either melted cheese or pâté.

The toast was created for her by chef (and fan) Auguste Escoffier, who also created the Peach Melba dessert. Melba toast is said to be derived from the crisp toast that was part of Dame Melba’s diet during the year 1897, a year in which she was very ill.

For the cooks among us Melba toast is usually made by lightly toasting bread in the normal way. Once the outside of the bread is slightly firm, it is removed from the toaster and then each slice is cut in half “longitudinally” with a bread knife to make two slices, each half the thickness. These two thin slices are then toasted again to make Melba Toast.

1903 – The Wright Brothers apply for a patent on their invention of one of the first successful air planes.

1909 – Theodore Roosevelt leaves New York for a post-presidency safari in Africa. The trip is sponsored by the Smithsonian Institution and National Geographic Society.

1919 – In Milan, Italy, Benito Mussolini re-formed his Fascist political movement.  Benito Amilcare Andrea Mussolini was an Italian politician who led the National Fascist Party and is credited with being one of the key figures in the creation of Fascism.

1933 – The Reichstag passes the Enabling act of 1933,  making Adolf Hitler dictator of Germany.

1956 – Pakistan becomes the first Islamic republic in the world. (Republic Day in Pakistan)

1965 – NASA launches Gemini 3, the United States’ first two-man space flight (crew: Gus Grissom and John Young).

1977 – The first of The Nixon Interviews  (12 recorded over four weeks) are videotaped with British journalist David Frost interviewing former United States President Richard Nixon about the Watergate scandal and the Nixon tapes.

1983 – Strategic Defense Initiative President Ronald Reagan makes his initial proposal to develop technology to intercept enemy missiles.

1994 – Aeroflot Flight 593 crashed into the Kuznetsk Alatau mountain, Kemerovo Oblast, Russia, killing 75, when the pilot’s fifteen-year old son accidentally disengages the autopilot.

1994 – A United States Air Force (USAF) F-16 aircraft collides with a USAF C-130 at Pope Air Force Base and then crashes, killing 24 United States Army soldiers on the ground. This later became known as the Green Ramp disaster.

2001 – The Russian Mir space station is disposed of, breaking up in the atmosphere before falling into the southern Pacific Ocean near Fiji.

~  ❤  ~

Born on this Day

1904 – Joan Crawford, American actress (d. 1977).  NB: The year of Miss Crawford’s birth has been variously identified as 1904, 1906, 1908 and 1909, the last being her own favourite.

1921 – Donald Campbell, British car and motorboat racer (d. 1967)

1925 – David Watkin, English cinematographer (d. 2008) – In Chariots of Fire, he helped create one of the most memorable images of 1980s cinema: the opening sequence in which a huddle of young male athletes pounds along the water’s edge on a beach” to the film’s theme music by Vangelis.

1929 – Sir Roger Bannister, English runner

1935 – Barry Cryer,  OBE.  an English comedian, actor and screenwriter.

1946 – Alan Bleasdale, English screenwriter and producer

1953 – Chaka Khan, American singer

1957 – Amanda Plummer, American actress – daughter of actors Tammy Grimes and Christopher Plummer.

1962 – Sir Steven Redgrave  CBE DL, retired British rower who won gold medals at five consecutive Olympic Games from 1984 to 2000.  He has also won three Commonwealth Games gold medals and nine World Rowing Championships golds.  He is the most successful male rower in Olympic history, and the only man to have won gold medals at five Olympic Games in an endurance sport.

1965 – Marti Pellow, Scottish singer (Wet Wet Wet)

1968 – Damon Albarn, English musician (Blur, Gorillaz and The Good, the Bad & the Queen)

1971 – Gail Porter, Scottish television presenter

1980 – Russell Howard, English comedian

1983 – Mo Farah, Somali-English runner

1989 – Ayesha Curry, Canadian-American chef, author and television personality

1990 – Princess Eugenie of York.  Younger daughter of Prince Andrew, Duke of York, and of Sarah, Duchess of York.  She is eighth in line of succession to the British throne,  and has worked for the Hauser & Wirth art gallery in London as an associate director since 2015.

Died on this Day and remembered here

1965 – Mae Murray, American actress, dancer, producer, and screenwriter (b. 1889)

2001 – Rowland Evans, American journalist (b. 1921)

2002 – Eileen Farrell, American soprano (b. 1920)

2011 – Elizabeth Taylor DBE, American-British actress, socialite and humanitarian (b. 1932)

2012 – Jim Duffy, American animator, director, and producer (b. 1937)

2015 – Lil’ Chris, English singer-songwriter, actor, and television personality (b. 1990)

External Links for more news on this day

Time for a coffee and a slice of contemplation  . . .


Thought for the Day

A book was published in 1913 written by a lady called Eleanor H. Porter, which many of you will have heard about, read or even watched the film which was made based upon this book.  The book was called Pollyanna.

I can see some of you smiling already, – but for those of you who don’t know this book/film let me explain a little more…. 

The writer, Eleanor H. Porter originally trained as a singer, but in her later years she turned to writing.  She wrote books for adult readers, but she wrote mainly children’s literature books.  But Pollyanna was my favourite – both as a child and as an adult. 

Ms. Porter also wrote a sequel:  ‘Pollyanna Grows Up‘, because the book had become so popular.  There are other books, other ‘sequels’, but none of them are written by Eleanor, for Eleanor passed away just seven years after the first Pollyanna book was published.

However, she has left behind her a legacy of monumental proportions.  Not just in me, but in all children of the world who have read this book or had it read to them. 

To be honest, if it were up to me I’d make it compulsory in the first schools, second schools and high schools, purely because of the ‘Glad Game‘ which Pollyanna’s father taught her, and which the reader learns about by reading the book.

Pollyanna was an orphan.  Both of her parents had passed away (not at the same time).  Pollyanna was sent to live with her spinster aunt – a rather stiff, stern, crotchety woman who lived alone – except for a small ‘staff’ – a maid, gardener and a driver.  We do, at a later point in the book, learn that Aunt Polly was like she was because of a lost love.

Pollyanna and her bright, sunny, cheerful, joyous and loving personality, was to transform not only her Aunts life, but the lives of all the people who lived in the small town where she lived.  And she did it simply by teaching everyone she came into contact with:  ‘The Game’.

The Game is ‘The Glad Game‘.  It’s a game which Pollyanna’s father taught to her one Christmas time.

Pollyanna was hoping to find a doll in the missionary barrel which held all manner of things….  however, Pollyanna only found a pair of crutches, which she had no need of.  Naturally Pollyanna was a little disappointed.  Her father, seeing his child’s sad face, made up the game on the spot, and taught Pollyanna how she could look at every situation and find the good side in there somewhere.  And … in this case of the crutches, she could be glad about them, because, he told her,  “we don’t need ’em!”.

Armed with this Glad Game, her life was transformed, and also, the lives of all people around her.

When she moved into her Aunts house following the death of her father, Polly was late coming to the dinner table one evening and her Aunt said that she would be punished by not having the delights that had been prepared for dinner in the dining room, but instead, her punishment would be to have only bread and milk, and she would have to eat it in the kitchen with the servant, Nancy.

Pollyanna was absolutely thrilled to bits and couldn’t thank her Aunt enough!  She explained that she loves bread and milk, and she loves Nancy too, so to be able to eat bread and milk in the kitchen with Nancy was a real treat!

Pollyanna teaches this very same outlook to other people around the little town.  She teaches the invalid, Mrs. Snow, the Glad Game (which takes some considerable time as Mrs. Snow is a real grouch!) …  and eventually Mrs. Snow is playing along and enjoying life again.

And it’s this ‘Glad Game’ which is my thought for the day.

Something which happened recently made me put the Glad Game to work…  and that’s why I’m thinking about it today. 

Some of you may have read Pollyanna … but if you haven’t, or haven’t read it for a while, I urge you to go and borrow a copy from your library, or even buy the book, so that you can learn for yourself about the ‘Glad Game‘, and see if you can put it into practise in your life. 

Every situation you come to,  every problem you find yourself with,  has something in it to be glad about.  It’s that elusive ‘silver lining‘ that people talk about;  sing about;  make movies about!  Find the good in a situation and SNAP!, suddenly the situation doesn’t seem quite as daunting as it did before!

And, once you get used to playing the Glad Game, – teach others how to play it too.

I promise you, that although it’s a simple philosophy, it really does work.

Transform your life …  and then go and transform other people lives for them by teaching them ‘The Glad Game’!.

You, have a great  ‘Glad Game‘  day.

Sending you much love, from me in my corner, to you in yours.

Sig coffee copy



Author: The Art of Cobwebs - aka:- thecobweboriumemporium

Hello. I'm 'Cobwebs'. I live in a wee little cottage in the South of England, aptly called Cobweb Cottage. This little dwelling really is a cobweb factory. Not inside (well, occasionally) - but outside - flipping heck! This information should give you a clue as to why my blog is called The Art of Cobwebs aka: The Cobweborium Emporium. I've been arty and crafty from a very young age, and although my crafts have sometimes turned a corner and taken me in another direction, I've always crafted in some way, shape or form. One day, in the blink of an eye, life changed somewhat for me and the consequences were many. I had to find a new way of being 'artistic'. Card making; scrap-booking; producing ATC's and ACEO's; needle felting; Polymer clay; painting- but in a more relaxed style than I had before, and sewing, - are all things which I visit, as and when life allows. I've fairy recently become a Textile Artist and am enjoying this new creative outlet very much as it offers me so much scope for letting my imagination run through a grassy field and feel the wind in my hair - (mentally, of course). I love to create. To make things. I truthfully believe that the best gifts in the world are those in which you've given your time, rather than your cash. Thank you so much for visiting. Please visit my blog (link below) and have a look around. I'm sure you'll find something to enjoy, even if it's only a handful of jokes! (yes, seriously - there really are jokes!) Wishing you a truly blessed rest of your day! ~ Cobs. <3

37 thoughts on “The Friday Post ~ History of Events on 23rd March”

  1. Cobs – It has been a long time since I have watched Pollyanna, I had forgotten about “the glad game”. Thanks for reminding me. I will be humming “Always Look at the Bright Side of Life” (from Monty Python’s Life of Brian) for the rest of the day. 🙂 Have a wonderful weekend!

    Liked by 1 person

    1. Actually laughing here, at the mental image of you sat, rocking to the beat as you sing “Always look on the bright side of life – da dum, da dum da dum da dum…” lol.

      Thanks for coming Kathy, and for the great comment. I’m sat here with a grin on my face. Lovely! ~ Cobs. xxx

      Liked by 1 person

        1. LOLOLOLOL…. aww… I can’t do the whole of the whistle without taking a breath in between – and normally I’m giggling too much to get a proper whistle going anyway. LOL
          So you’re not alone in that boat there, Kathy.
          lol. C. xxx

          Liked by 1 person

  2. Oh yes, the dreaded ‘afternoon slump’. I hope you’re able to catch up on some much needed rest over the weekend to recuperate a little! I must admit I was a little surprised that Crawford was 1904, I would have said later than that. A good reminder about silver linings, aka the Glad Game, as often life gets in the way of us seeing those parts. An interesting post as always!
    Caz xx

    Liked by 1 person

    1. Hello Caz, … aww so lovely to see you.
      That afternoon slump is a bl**dy nuisance and wipes out way too much of my day.

      Crawford… I know what you mean, I was so surprised at that year that I went and checked it in two places, and that’s how I found out that she had several ‘alternative’ years. lol. Bless her heart.

      The Glad Game – it’s something I try to remember to play, all the time. Sometimes I do have a few minutes of not remembering it … but eventually the penny falls and I then get it going inside my head.

      Tickled pink that you liked the post Caz. Thank you so much for coming and for the fabulous comment.
      Sending squidges ~ Cobs. xxx

      Liked by 1 person

      1. I want ‘alternative’ years too, that’s a great idea! 🙂
        Remembering the play the Glad Game regularly is something a lot of us probably need to do. Life gets in the way all too often.
        Squidges back to you, lovely – have a restful weekend! xx

        Liked by 1 person

  3. Hello Cobs. When I saw you mention Polyanna, it bought a big smile to my face. I had a doll called Polyanna and she was almost as tall as me when I first got her as a present, in fact I wish I still had her, but when I think of her, it reminds me of the house I was born in, all my family and the times we spent together, such a lovely memory. So thank you for that thought! Hope you’re tiredness doesn’t get too overwhelming. I take a Vitamin B Complex to help me for a couple of months when I feel the battery is run down, it certainly perks me up! Have a wonderful weekend. Hugs 🙂 x

    Liked by 2 people

    1. Hello Kim. (I can’t even begin to tell you how good it does my heart to see you again. I’m so glad you’re back in the land of the Blogs). 😀

      Thank you for your kind wishes. I have to go back to see the doc about some X-rays, next week, so I might mention it if it hasn’t improved by then.

      Your doll, Pollyanna, what an incredible gift she was – and at roughly the same size as you were at the time of the gift giving, it must have almost exploded your joy bubbles when you saw her.

      Isn’t it funny how one mention of something can lead you down memory paths which wind and turn and lead from one memory to another. Almost a yummy feeling. 😀

      Thank you so much for coming Kim, and for the fabulous comment. Love chatting with you, and (again), I’m so so glad your ‘home’ again.
      Sending love and squidges ~ Cobs. xxx

      Liked by 1 person

  4. Oh I loved Pollyanna! What a great movie/book with such great life lessons. It should be mandatory in all schools! What a great insight the author had! Thanks so much for reminding me of this! 🙂

    Liked by 1 person

    1. Hello Nancee, thanks for coming! 🙂
      I agree – great movie and book filled to over-flowing with lessons for life.

      I’m so happy that I mentioned this book as, like you, it seems to have brought back many happy memories to folk who have visited.
      Hoping you have a wonderful weekend Nancee.
      Buckets of love ~ Cobs. xxx

      Liked by 1 person

  5. I must confess I’ve never read Pollyanna…I think I may have her mixed up with Anne Of Green Gables…but I love the concept. I always say it’s a beautiful world so people should just be kind to each other and enjoy…

    Thank you for the lovely post – guess what I shall be ordering from the library next week! 🙂 xxx

    Liked by 1 person

  6. I love the 23rd of every month because it’s pay day 😀 I remember reading about princess Eugenie being born in the newspaper, it seemed a very tricky name to read to a 6 year old me! As for the glad game, what an excellent idea! I vaguely remember watching Pollyanna, I think she had a Crystal? My granny bought me a crystal back from holiday and I was most pleased to have rainbows in my room like Pollyanna! (If it was her!) Hope you’ve had a lovely weekend x x

    Liked by 1 person

    1. You’re right about the Crystals …. they were hanging on a neighbours lamp, and he’d (the neighbour) had taught her about refracted light and how it made rainbows on the wall.

      Love that your Granny bought you a crystal back from holiday. I bet she’d read or watched Pollyanna.
      It’s Pollyanna’s fault that I now have three crystals hung in the window of my craft room.
      Do you still have your Crystal?

      Have a great week Mrs. C.
      Buckets of love and squidges ~ Cobs. xxx


      1. I’m so glad I didn’t just make myself look really daft! I still have the crystal but the string broke, so it’s in my sock drawer where my little hoarding pre schooler can’t find it and lose it! Maybe I will hang it up again 😊 x

        Liked by 1 person

    1. Hello Chicken! 😀
      The Chariots of Fire movie … I have a
      love/don’t love that much affair going on with that film, and have never been able to settle down and enjoy, like some other well made films. I can’t pin it down to exactly what it is though. Strange that – because I normally like or don’t care for a film – but that one … can’t make up my mind. Weird.

      Pollyanna … I very much approve in the watching of Pollyanna! It’s a brilliant movie and teaches us something that I think we’ve all forgotten or left behind.

      Thanks for coming Chicken, and for the lovely message.
      Sending buckets of squidges – for you to enjoy as you watch the film. ~ Cobs. xxx


  7. I play this exact game and encourage my children to. Once I badly injured my knee on campus in route to a far away building-I was about in tears when two young ones ran to me. I didn’t know that I could take a single step and wanted to cry. The children encouraged me to quickly find some thing to be glad about (as I had taught them) finally I said I am glad it is not raining! They laughed and clapped their hands- and I made it back after all thank you for all you do to make my world more sweet-love your rabbit!

    Liked by 1 person

  8. Hello Cobs, I read Pollyanna years ago but can’t remember much about it now – I shall have to refresh my memory at some point. Hope you manage to catch up on some rest, enjoy those afternoon naps on my behalf! 😆 Hxx

    Liked by 1 person

    1. Hello Hannah. 🙂
      Pollyanna … great book, fabulous film. Yeah, catch up with it Hannah – you might find the film on TV in a search, and (crosses fingers) it might be a freebie, so perhaps you could have a bit of a ‘feet up & wind down’ time with it.

      Thanks for coming Hannah, and for the good wishes.
      Sending much love, as always, ~ Cobs. xxx


  9. Gosh I always wondered why melba toast and peach melba were called that. Now I know!
    It’s far too many years since I read Pollyanna and I’d forgotten all about the Glad Game. I must see if my library has a copy, and get back to the game 🙂


  10. Thank you Cobs. I guess you have been to the doctor for those results. I have not read Pollyanna but the Glad Game is mentioned in Rhonda Byrnes books as a way to use gratitude. Sending you a huge hug. X

    Liked by 1 person

    1. Yes Daisies, been to the doctor and thankfully the Xrays don’t show any breaks, so doctor is saying that it must be that I’ve sprained both of my feet. But … to keep an eye on the pain and if it doesn’t get better over a period of time, then I should go back.

      Trust me … sprained both feet! lol…. I’ve never heard of anyone spraining their feet. It would have to be me.

      Huge, warm, spring hug coming back to you. ~ Cobs. xxx


  11. Hey there Cobs, I’ve definitely been slumping a bit myself in the afternoons (mainly due to some fairly serious jetlag), however, I can always find time to read one of your posts and I just simply adore the idea of the Glad Game. It definitely works for me, though I know a few grouches who would just never get it! I haven’t read Pollyanna (can you believe it), but its now on my list of books to read soon. xx

    Liked by 1 person

    1. Ohhh yes! You must read it … or at the very least seek out the movie so that you can watch it. (Obviously the film is just a shadow of the reality which the books gives a reader, but sometimes a film will do the very thing you ask of it.)

      I feel sure you’ll enjoy the whole story. Certain of it.
      Sending much love ~ Cobs. xxx


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